I agree that the both got their wish. They made peace and signed a treaty. The Americans go safe passage ways. The Indians got 1.1 miles in the American land. So they got their wish and now go what they both wanted. They have made peace and the Americans can make a safe journey. And the Indians can have more land to hunt on. If they both didn’t get what wanted the wouldn’t have gotten to the safety and more land to hunt on.
I have to disagree with you. Sure, it seemed that they both got their wish at first. However, later the Americans started taking the Native Americans' lands, so the Native Americans began attacking settlers.
I think the Native Americans gathering was called the Great smoke Conference because the Great Smoke Conference is the largest Native American Peaceful gathering. When Native American tribes met with other tribes or with white men they passed around a ceremonial peace pipe to celebrate. The ceremonial use of the peace pipe is a simple ritual. The peace pipe serves as a portable altar. It is loaded with tobacco. Since there was so much gathering with other tribes, there might have been a lot of smoke from all the peace pipes.
Another way that we can interpret the final sentence is that the Congress people got the best part, the meat. While the other tribes and people get the left-overs, the bones. Congress would always get what they wanted, and leave their competition with what they wanted them to have.
This is good and well explained! Nice Job!!! I agree.
I would interpret this sentence by saying that the Indians would be like the bones in this article and the coyotes, raptors and wolves would be like the white men. Eventually the whites will attack the Indians and take almost everything away from them. The Indians are not getting anything from where they are now.
I think the uniforms were given to the chiefs because it is a sign of trust and honor. The white people wanted their trust so that they would have a safe travel on the Oregon Trail. Without that trust the whites could later be raided and/or killed. When the whites give the uniform it would give the chiefs a huge amount of honor. I think that the sword represents loyalty and a great alliance. They could use the Indians loyalty in the event that there is war that needs help. With fifty or so tribes it would be hard to fight them off. Giving the Indians the uniform and sword would create a temporary bond of loyalty, trust, honor, and fifty new alliances.
Question 4: We could interpret this final sentence “It… had been nothing more than a colorful prelude to a feast of bones for coyotes, raptors, and wolves.” as an analogy, comparing the vicious coyotes, raptors, and wolves to the settling whites who will invade the guaranteed Indian land. The buffalo bones of course then represent what little share of America the Native Americans have left, their sacred, promised land.
I believe the final sentence “It…had been nothing more than a colorful prelude to a feast of bones for coyotes, raptors and wolves,” can be interpreted in a more symbolic meaning. Perhaps the great, big, meaty buffalo represent the Native Americans’ lands and the wolves represent the Native Americans. The hunters can be a representation of the Americans. So, let’s say that the wolves always helped themselves to their chunks of juicy buffalo, and then one day some hunters started to steal some scraps of their meat. At first, it did not seem like this was a serious threat, but then more and more buffalo were lost. So, the wolves began attacking the hunters. One day, it seemed like each side came to an agreement, so that the wolves could get the buffalo they like and the hunters were able to hunt one herd. So, fighting came to end. Then, the wolves were betrayed and had all of their buffalo taken from them by the hunters. The wolves were only left with the small scraps of meat and bone left, while the hunters helped themselves to huge, juicy chunks of meat.
The Big Smoke Conference Question #3
I think that the US Government would have given Indian chiefs “the uniforms of generals” because the government was trying to show that the Indians were an important part of our nation, just as generals are. They were signifying that the Indians were like generals in the fact that they help our nation. The government was also showing the Indians respect with this gesture, because very few people get to wear these important outfits.
The final sentence of the “Great Smoke Conference” article can be interpreted as bones, being lifeless and helpless being helpless when picked upon by the violent raptors. The Indians, thinking their land is safe could be the unsuspecting bones being picked apart by the ferocious raptors, who are the white settlers, coming in and sweeping up the Indian land.